1. Bankruptcy Lawyer
Bankruptcy lawyers deal with consumer or commercial bankruptcy issues. Consumer cases deal with individuals or creditors, while commercial cases deal with commercial institutions or corporate creditors.
They must have a deep understanding of the U.S Bankruptcy Code to help their clients file for bankruptcy and counsel them through financial disputes, insolvency issues and claims.
2. Business or Corporate Lawyer
They act as legal counselors to corporations to ensure all operations occur within the boundaries of local, state and federal law. Business operations can include mergers and acquisitions, contracts, intellectual property, and patent disputes.
Because most business lawyers either work at a corporate law firm or as in-house counsel, you need to be thoroughly familiar with drawing up and scrutinizing legal documents and navigating corporate affairs.
3. Constitutional Lawyer
Constitutional lawyers are experts in interpreting and dealing with cases related to the Constitution. They usually represent the interests of individuals against government institutions and dispute any unconstitutional legislature in a court of law.
A constitutional lawyer would be an excellent place to start if you want to fight for civil rights or seek justice against discrimination.
4. Criminal Defense Lawyer
Criminal defense lawyers represent clients accused of illegal activities as private attorneys or public defenders. They must have a clear and in-depth understanding of the judicial system to be able to defend clients to the best of their ability.
It’s their responsibility to ensure the justice system treats their clients fairly during the trial and preserves their rights and liberties during interrogation.
5. Employment and Labor Lawyer
They deal with disputes arising in the workplace from concerns about discrimination, benefits, harassment, overtime, working hours and more.
Employment lawyers are more common in non-union workplaces, while labor lawyers deal with unionized workspaces.
6. Entertainment Lawyer
Entertainment lawyers represent individuals in the entertainment industry, including athletes, artists, actors and musicians. They are well-versed in laws governing intellectual property, contracts and fee agreements.
Their main responsibility is to negotiate contracts, transfers, fee agreements and talent releases while protecting the intellectual properties of clients.
7. Estate Planning Lawyer
As the name suggests, estate planning lawyers are experts in estate planning — they advise clients on property rights and help set up trusts and wills. They can help you evaluate the worth of your assets, gauge liabilities and ensure you handle the transfer of any assets properly and legally.
The estate planning lawyer is responsible for ensuring all proceedings happen according to the client’s wishes. Their knowledge of tax laws is crucial to understanding taxation based on your estate’s value.
8. Family Lawyer
Family lawyers deal with family-related matters and domestic disputes. Their responsibilities cover a wide range of issues, ranging from child custody and divorce cases to alimony and prenuptial agreements.
Other areas of prominence include surrogacy, juvenile delinquency, domestic abuse, child welfare, guardianship, adoption and more.
9. Immigration Lawyer
They help immigrants navigate how to live, work and study in a foreign country. People new to the country, especially refugees and asylum seekers, have no idea about the strings attached to their particular roles.
Immigration lawyers play a crucial role in understanding how to legally immigrate, gain a work status or apply for citizenship.
10. Intellectual Property (IP) Lawyer
Intellectual property lawyers advise artists and creators on how to best protect their intellectual capital. This role requires thorough knowledge of copyright laws, trademarking, patenting, branding and licensing.
Suppose you want to register a trademark or a patent. In that case, you need an IP lawyer familiar with all the procedures and regulations and who can protect your intellectual property from infringement.